Red Fort

Delhi's famous Red Fort is known by that name because of the red stone with which it is built and it is one of the most magnificent palaces in the world. India's history is also closely linked with this fort. It was from here that the British deposed the last Mughal ruler, Bhadur Shah Zafar, marking the end of the three century long Mughal rule. It was also from its ramparts that the first Prime Minister of India, Pandit Jawharlal Nehru, announced to the nation that India was free form colonial rule.

The Red Fort of Delhi was built by the great Mughal emperor Shah Jahan. The Red Fort or the Lal Qila is located in the heart of Old Delhi and was previously known as Qila-e-Mu'alla of the then Shahjanabad, Shah Jahan's new capital.

Construction of Delhi Red Fort started in 1639 and within a span of 9 years, the colossal structure was built. It took more that 10 million rupees during the reign of Shah Jahan to create this structure in red sandstone. As you enter the Red Fort today, you will find a group of trained guides leaping towards you to adorn in a typically Indian manner to offer their cordiality. You will definitely discover a haven of peace inside the fort after you leave the frantic streets of Old Delhi.

Like most Islamic buildings in India, the Red Fort is octagonal in shape. The Red Fort is 900 meter by 550 meter. The height of its tower is about 33.5 meters. Towards the north, you will find Salimgarh fort. A moat lays outside the Red fort which was previously connected with the Yamuna River. The Red Fort is in fact a daunting structure.

The Red Fort has some major attractions inside the fort. They are as follows:

  • Mumtaz Mahal
  • The Rang Mahal
  • The Khas Mahal
  • The Diwan-i-Am
  • The Diwan-i-Khas
  • The Hamam
  • The Shah Burj
On 15th of August every year the National Flag of India is hoisted at the Red Fort by the Prime Minister, celebrating India's independence.
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